Ce sunt tumorile cerebrale?

What are brain tumors?

Tumors of brain tissue, brain nerve endings, brain membranes, skull skull bones or skull muscles are called primary brain tumors, while tumors that extend from other organs in the body (lung, breast, prostate, etc.) are referred to as metastases or secondary cerebral tumors.

How do brain tumors form?

As with all other organs, the tumor is made up of cells in the brain. Normally, cells grow, grow and aging or die, and new cells are formed instead of these cells. However, in abnormal cases, when this formation-destructive activity begins to function differently than normal, unnecessary cells begin to form, or when the cells formed are not destroyed in time, the excess cells begin to group so that a structure called the tumor appears at the organ level. Because not all tumors can be called cancer, tumors formed in the brain are called brain tumors. Primary brain tumors may be benign (meningioma, scwanoma, epidermoid dermoid cysts) or malignant (glial tumors, anaplastic multiforme and glioblastoma).

Why brain tumors are formed? Which people are more often affected by this type of tumor?

Generally, there are no known causes of cerebral tumor formation, but the fact that some brain tumors (Von-Hippel Lindau) are hereditary (genetics), is well known in the academic world.

There are some risk factors that underlie brain tumors as follows: sex (brain tumors are more common in men, meningiomas are more common in women), human race (all brain tumors are more common in race whiteheads), age (brain tumors are more common in people over the age of 70, and children under 10 years of age are more likely to have brain tumors at the cerebellum level), family history (people with relatives who suffer from cerebral glioma, have a higher predisposition to suffering from brain tumors). In addition, head trauma, exposure to radiation, some viruses, some chemical dyes, and some hormones are causes known as risk factors for brain tumor formation.

How is diagnosis diagnosed for brain tumors and what are the methods of treatment?

Currently, patients with symptoms and findings specific to brain tumors are present at neurological doctors. Based on family history, neurological consultation and specific imaging investigations (CT, MRI), physicians have the ability to easily and quickly establish a diagnosis for brain tumors.

The doctor who performs the cerebral tumor surgery will distribute all the information he holds about the patient to the other physicians (radiotherapy oncologist, medical oncologist, pathologist, radiologist), and after a consultation by the medical council, it will decide which is the right treatment for the patient (surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy). If the benign brain tumors are surgically treated and the tumor is completely removed, the result of the surgery will be excellent. The results of surgical treatment for slowly developing tumors are good to excellent. For malignant tumors that develop rapidly, the goal of all three types of treatments (surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy) is to prolong the patient's life. In conclusion, nobody should be afraid of the treatment given to brain tumors and the diagnosis should be established without delay. Consulting a neurosurgeon doctor who has experience in the field of brain tumors will reduce the duration of surgery, and the patient will be able to return to normal life more quickly.

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